Critique of Dialectical Reason

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en:Critique of Dialectical Reason

Critique of Dialectical Reason  
(paperback)
Cover of the paperback edition
Author en:Sartre
Translator Alan Sheridan-Smith
Language English
Genre(s) Nonfiction
Publisher Verso
Publication date 2004
Media type Paperback
Pages ~840
ISBN 1-85984-485-5

Critique of Dialectical Reason, (French: Critique de la raison dialectique) (1960), (Volume I: Theory of Practical Ensembles) [1]was the last of Jean-Paul Sartre's major philosophical works: it attempts to use Existentialism as a foundational contribution to Marxism as described in Search for a Method, both of which were written as a common manuscript of some 755 pages with Sartre intending the Critique to logically precede Search[2]. The second volume with an incomplete treatment of the Stalinization of the Bolshevik revolution was published in French in 1985 and in English in 1992.

Sartre is quoted as having said this was the principal of his two philosophical works for which he wished to be remembered.[3][4]

Volume I

Introduction

The Theory of Practical Ensembles.

The Dogmatic Dialectic and the Critical Dialectic

Critique of Critical Investigation

Book I - From Individual Praxis to the Practico-Inert

Individual Praxis as Totalisation

Human Relations as Mediation between Different Sectors of Materiality

Matter as Totalised Totality: a First Encounter with Necessity

Collectives

Book II - From Groups to History

The Fused Group

The Statutory Group

The Organization

The Constituted Dialectic

The Unity of the Group as Other: the Militant

The Institution

The Place of History

Class Struggle and Dialectical Reason

Volume II

Main: History and its totaliser


The Intelligibility of History

Is Struggle Intelligible?

Conflict, Moment of a Totalisation or Irreducible Rift?

Relations between the Individual Conflict and the Fundamental Conflicts of the Social Ensemble

Intelligibility of the Conflict within a Pledged Group

The Unresolved Struggle as Anti-Labour

Are Social Struggles Intelligible
(A Historical Study of Soviet Society)

The Totalisation-of-Envelopment in a Directorial Society, Relations between the Dialectic and the Anti-Dialectic

Singularity and Incarnation of the Sovereign Process

Incarnation of the Sovereign as an Individual

The Spiral: Circularity and Alteration

The Three Factors of Unity

See also

Notes

  1. Critique of Dialectical Reason Volume I Theory of Practical Ensembles Tr. by Alan Sheridan Smith. Verso 2004 ISBN 1-85984-485-5
  2. "Sartre says that Search for a Method logically belongs at the end of the Critique, since it is the Critique which supplies the critical foundations for the method which Sartre proposes. He places the shorter work first, partly because he feared it might otherwise seem that 'the mountain had brought forth a mouse' and partly because Search for a Method was actually written first." Hazel Barnes p ix, introduction to Search Vintage 1963 edition. Next page describes the content of the original manuscript.
  3. Sartre at 70: An interview Full text of the interview in which the author gives his opinion in the New York Review of Books. Actual question (at beginning of Part II) is "And which of your works do you hope to see the new generation take up again?"
  4. Infidels, Freethinkers, Humanists, and Unbelievers Sartre after Literature ¶ 3. Typical of the secondary sources referring to the actual text in the interview.

External links

Excerpts from Sartre's work: